Fine lines and wrinkles are the face creases that appear on our skin as we age. These are a very normal part of the ageing process, but can be prevented and reduced (or accelerated and worsened) by our lifestyle choices as well as surgical and non-surgical anti-wrinkle treatments. Lines and wrinkles also appear on areas like the hands, neck and chest.
There are two kinds of wrinkles: dynamic and static. Dynamic wrinkles are those that appear when the face is animated, such as laughter lines or frown lines. In comparison, static wrinkles are the lines that are present even when the face is relaxed, such as marionette lines (nose to mouth lines). Static wrinkles tend to grow deeper over time.
Lines and wrinkles most common in patients include: under eye lines, crow’s feet and bags under the eyes; laughter, marionette and lipstick lines; and forehead and frown lines.
What Causes Lines and Wrinkles?
Fine lines and wrinkles are a normal – and inevitable – part of growing older. As we age, our skin’s natural production of collagen and elastin slows down. In time, skin becomes thinner and less elastic, meaning it is unable to protect itself from damage, environmental aggressors and the formation of creases over time.
Facial expressions like smiling or frowning cause lines across our face. When we are young, our skin is plump and elastic enough to bounce back from these movements. However, as we age, these lines start to deepen.
Certain factors can affect the development of wrinkles:
UV exposure, Smoking, Pollution and other environmental damage, Genetics
Treating Line and Wrinkles
As with many other skin issues, prevention is the most effective way of treating fine lines and winkles. This includes avoiding sun exposure and wearing an effective SPF every day, avoiding environmental damage through pollution and smoking, and using an effective, hydrating skincare routine regularly. At-home treatments for fine line and wrinkles include topical retinoids.
However, the most effective treatments are those carried out by a professional. Botox is a fast and economical way to prevent and treat the early stages of fine lines and wrinkles; this is a common first line of defence for patients. Filler is another efficient option for reducing the appearance of fine lines and plumping skin. For more mature skin, mesotherapy and Profhilo help to boost skin’s suppleness and dramatically reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.