Acne is a very common skin condition, characterised by spots caused by excessive sebum production, ‘clogged’ hair follicles and a build-up of bacteria. This can range from mild acne through to very severe or chronic acne. It is sometimes referred to as acne vulgaris.
Blackheads, whiteheads, pus-filled pustules and painful cysts are all symptoms of acne, and typically appear on the face. However, back acne, chest acne and butt acne are also common.
Though often associated with teenagers, many people struggle with adult acne; about 3% of people over 35 struggle with adult acne.
What Causes Acne?
While most people experience occasional pimples or hormonal breakouts, acne is characterised by chronic spots and can often leave scarring. Acne occurs when pores become clogged with oil, dead skin cells, debris and bacteria; certain factors can increase the likelihood of this happening.
Acne is closely related to hormonal changes or imbalances (such as puberty, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy or the menopause). This can cause increased sebum production and the thickening of the lining of hair follicles, leading to blocked pores.
Other factors include medication, lifestyle triggers, genetics and diet.
Type of Acne?
There are a number of different types of acne. These all tend to result in the same symptoms, but can have different causes:
Caused by fluctuations and imbalances in hormones, hormonal acne is typically associated with teenagers. However, it can affect adults of all ages, and often affects women.
Caused by yeast in the hair follicles on the skin, fungal acne can cause whiteheads, skin irritation and itching.
This is defined as all acne that isn’t fungal, and is caused by a buildup of sebum and bacteria in hair follicles.
Often painful, cystic acne is characterised by large tender bumps and pus-filled cysts deep within the skin. It is often painful and is caused by bacteria, oil, and dry skin cells that get trapped in pores.
:Nodular acne is defined by small bumps (or ‘nodules’) under the skin, caused by an infectious build-up of sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria in pores.
To prevent acne, it’s important to practice good hygiene. This means removing your makeup fully every night, avoiding touching your face during the day, and maintaining a good skin care routine. It is also important not to over-cleanse or over-treat your skin by using too many harsh, irritating products, as this can cause further production of sebum and lead to more breakouts. At-home or over the counter acne treatments can help to reduce your acne and prevent scarring
However, the most effective way to prevent and reduce acne is professional treatments. These include laser resurfacing and chemical peels. These potent treatments use next gen technology and skincare principals to renew skin and clear the clogged pores that can lead to breakouts, leading to clearer, brighter, acne-free skin.